Egypt's inflation drop shows spending levels still low, say economists

CAIRO, Jan 12 (Reuters) – Egypt’s inflation dropped sharply in December, the latest apparent indication of economic improvement after the 2016 currency float hit Egyptians hard.

Economists say, however, it may just be showing that spending power has yet to recover.

Prices climbed to record highs and the Egyptian pound lost half its value after the central bank floated it in November 2016 in a bid to secure a $12 billion International Monetary Fund loan to boost economic growth after years of turmoil.

With the pound at about 17.7 to the U.S. dollar from a pegged 8.8 before the float, Egyptians have had to amend their spending habits to deal with their incomes and savings being slashed in half.

Urban consumer inflation eased to 21.9 percent in December from 26 percent the previous month, its lowest reading since the flotation, official data showed earlier this week.

Core inflation, stripping out volatile items such as food, fell to 19.86 percent from 25.53 percent.

Since the float, Egyptian exports have found new markets, narrowing the country’s trade deficit, and foreign reserves and foreign direct investment have surged to record highs.

But economists say the inflation drop is the result of a strong base effect, and not necessarily a meaningful economic recovery.

“After November 2016, you were comparing to the high rates of the post-flotation period, but in December, you had a strong base effect,” said senior economist at Beltone Financial Alia Mamdouh.

Monthly headline inflation contracted for the first time in two years in December due to a decline in the prices of poultry, meat and some vegetables and beans, data showed.

“The reduction may signal that spending level has not fully recovered, especially because seasonal demand usually drives rates up,” Mamdouh said.

“We had expected a monthly rate of 0.5-0.7, but instead everything was flat except for food prices of which some went down.”

FORCED PRICE CUTS

Food producers said they wished to raise prices to maintain profitability, but are unable to because the market cannot absorb any more price hikes.

“We would like to raise the prices but the market isn’t favourable to that right now,” said Hani Berzi, the chairman of Edita Food Industries, one of the country’s largest food producers.

Retailers have also had to reduce prices of some foods like poultry and meat to lure back shoppers driven away by hikes.

“People don’t buy anymore,” said Ismail Gamal, the owner of a poultry shop in Nasr City. “We’re afraid we’ll go out of business, if we don’t reduce prices.”

Economists say purchasing power could take three to four years to recover from the shock of the flotation.

“Segments of society have shifted from meat to cheese as a source of protein, this is what inflation did to consumers,” said Noaman Khalid, CI Capital Asset Management economist.

He said a complete economic cycle that includes business recovery and increased wages is necessary before purchasing power returns to pre-float levels and a healthy inflation rate is seen.

Egypt’s central bank has raised key interest rates by 700 basis points since it floated the pound to battle soaring inflation. Economists expect it to start cutting the rates in their upcoming monetary policy meeting, set for Feb. 15.

Reporting by Arwa Gaballa Editing by Jeremy Gaunt

The Wider Image App

Explore the world through captivating visual stories by award-winning Reuters photojournalists. This immersive app for iPad reimagines news photography to bring images and information to life.

The Wider Image is a winner of 25 awards for innovation, photojournalism and design and an iTunes Editors Choice.

The Wider Image is also available as a responsive site at widerimage.reuters.com

Features include:

  • Discover What Matters: Uncover stories, people and places you never knew existed. New visual reports added daily to the wealth of work.
  • Lean in and Learn: Get more context on every story – interact with image sequences, read expanded facts, swipe between the before and after, hear words and sounds.
  • Meet the Storytellers: Get to know the photographers with behind the scenes images and insights. Follow your favorites to see new work as it is added.
  • Show and Tell: Enjoy stunning photojournalism on your television for all to see via Apple TV. Share stories with confidence they look great on any device.
Egypt's inflation drop shows spending levels still low, say economists
Egypt's inflation drop shows spending levels still low, say economists

Rents boost U.S. core CPI; retail sales rise solidly

WASHINGTON Underlying U.S. consumer prices recorded their largest increase in 11 months in December amid strong gains in the cost of rental accommodation and healthcare, bolstering expectations that inflation will accelerate this year.

House passes NSA spying bill after Trump tweets cause confusion

Egypt's inflation drop shows spending levels still low, say economists

The U.S. House of Representatives on Thursday passed a bill to renew the National Security Agency’s warrantless internet surveillance program, overcoming objections from privacy advocates and confusion prompted by morning tweets from President Donald Trump that initially questioned the spying tool.  Full Article 

Source: Reuters

News

BRIEF-‍Wattpad raises $51 mln in new funding

January 17, 2018 mmayha 0

Jan 17 (Reuters) – Wattpad: * ‍WATTPAD ANNOUNCES USD $51 MILLION (CAD $61.25 MILLION) IN NEW FUNDING​ * INVESTORS INCLUDE TENCENT HOLDINGS LIMITED, BDC, GLOBE TELECOM‘S KICKSTART VENTURES, PETERSON GROUP, AND EXISTING INVESTOR RAINE​ Source […]

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply